- Joint mobilisation and Manipulation.
These are manual therapy techniques used to restore normal joint mobility and reduce the pain associated with joint stiffness.
- Exercises - mobilising, stretching, strengthening and toning regimes of exercise.
Some specific exercises can be extremely useful in reducing and abolishing pain. Exercise is the main way in which muscles can be strengthened and made to function normally again. Exercises are also used to improve flexibility, balance and coordination; vital if you are returning to sport.
- Postural correction and re-education.
Sometimes pain can be caused solely by poor posture whether it be sitting, standing or lying. Correcting poor posture, improving muscle tone and re-educating movement is the key to reducing this type of pain.
- Lumbar and cervical traction.
Lumbar and cervical traction are sometimes used to alleviate the symptoms of sciatica and brachialgia (upper limb pain emanating from the neck). Traction is often used if exercises and manual therapy techniques have failed to alleviate these type of symptoms.
- Specific soft tissue mobilisation techniques.
Specific Soft Tissue Mobilisation techniques are manual therapy techniques used to improve length and reduce stiffness in muscles and tendons.
Used to treat some sports injuries and delayed onset muscle soreness after exercise. Massage can reduce pain and muscle spasm and assist in the removal of metabolites through improved circulation.
- Ergonomic advice.
Pain can often be caused by a faulty sitting position; whether it be at work, home or in the car. Advice regarding your workstation or working environment can often alleviate the stresses and strains causing your pain.
- PNF techniques.
Manually resisted techniques to patterns of normal movement used to improve joint and muscle mobility, strength and coordination. These techniques can also be effective in reducing associated pain.
- Electrotherapy modalities:
- Ultrasound and Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy.
Ultrasound and Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy are often used in the acute phase of an injury to reduce pain, reduce swelling and promote healing.
Interferential is a form of electrical stimulation used to reduce pain and can also be used to stimulate muscle groups.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (T.E.N.S.) is a portable form of electrical stimulation used in the treatment/management of pain whether it be acute (short term) or chronic (long-term).
Cryotherapy, or ice, can be used to reduce pain and swelling and reduce metabolic demands on damaged tissues. This allows better healing and the more speedy recovery from your injury.